JavScript: filter() function

The JavaScript filter() function is used to iterate over array elements and create a new array that contains only elements that satisfy a certain criteria. This criteria is defined as a callback function which must return true or false. Every element in the array is passed through this function and each element that returns true is added to the new array. This is a useful way to quickly filter out unwanted elements from an array.

Let’s undertsnad by example

var arr = [
  { id: 15 },
  { id: -1 },
  { id: 0 },
  { id: 3 },
  { id: 12.2 },
  { },
  { id: null },
  { id: NaN },
  { id: 'undefined' }
];

var invalidEntries = 0;

function isNumber(obj) {
  return obj !== undefined && typeof(obj) === 'number' && !isNaN(obj);
}

function filterByID(item) {
  if (isNumber(item.id) && item.id !== 0) {
    return true;
  } 
  invalidEntries++;
  return false; 
}

var arrByID = arr.filter(filterByID);

console.log('Filtered Array\n', arrByID); 

// Filtered Array
// [{ id: 15 }, { id: -1 }, { id: 3 }, { id: 12.2 }]

console.log('Number of Invalid Entries = ', invalidEntries); 

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